We think that humans will be the only entrepreneurs in the future, but I’m already seeing AI’s that can ideate new products, and build, launch, scale, and operate fully autonomous companies – and they’re just getting started.


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A little while ago an Artificial Intelligence (AI) helped a guy in America develop and promote a memecoin called TurboToad which a couple of weeks later then went to a market valuation of $250 Million and it showed the power of what happens when AI drives stick and starts a company.  Now, for its next act a new study has shown that chatbots such as OpenAI’s ChatGPT can operate a software company in a quick, cost-effective manner with minimal human intervention.


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The findings came after researchers published another study in which AI agents powered by large language models were able to run a virtual town on their own.

In the recent paper, a team of researchers from Brown University and multiple Chinese universities conducted an experiment to see whether AI bots powered by a version of ChatGPT’s 3.5 model could complete the software-development process without prior training.


To test this, researchers created a hypothetical software-development company named ChatDev. Based on the waterfall model – a sequential approach to creating software – the company was broken down into four stages in chronological order: Designing, Coding, Testing, and Documenting.

From there, researchers assigned AI bots specific roles by prompting each one with “vital details” that described the “designated task and roles, communication protocols, termination criteria, and constraints.”


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Once the researchers gave the AI bots their roles, each bot was allocated to its respective stages. The “CEO” and “CTO” of ChatDev, for instance, worked in the “designing” stage, and the “programmer” and “art designer” performed in the “coding” stage.

During each stage, the AI workers chatted with one another with minimal human input to complete specific parts of the software-development process — from deciding which programming language to use to identifying bugs in the code — until the software was complete.

The researchers ran the experiment across different software scenarios and applied a series of analyses to them to see how long it took ChatDev to complete each type of software and how much each one would cost.

Researchers, for example, tasked ChatDev to “design a basic Gomoku game,” an abstract strategy board game also known as “Five in a Row.”

At the designing stage, the CEO asked the CTO to “propose a concrete programming language” that would “satisfy the new user’s demand,” to which the CTO responded with Python. In turn, the CEO said, “Great!” and explained that the programming language’s “simplicity and readability make it a popular choice for beginners and experienced developers alike.”


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After the CTO replied with, “Let’s get started,” ChatDev moved on to the coding stage, where the CTO asked the programmer to write a file, followed by the programmer asking the designer to give the software a “beautiful graphical user interface.” The chat chain was repeated at each stage until the software was developed.

After assigning ChatDev 70 tasks, the study found the AI-powered company was able to complete the full software-development process “in under seven minutes at a cost of less than one dollar,” on average — all while identifying and troubleshooting “potential vulnerabilities” through its “memory” and “self-reflection” capabilities.

The paper said about 86.66% of the generated software systems were “executed flawlessly.”

“Our experimental results demonstrate the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the automated software development process driven by CHATDEV,” the researchers wrote in the paper.


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The study’s findings indicate one of the many ways powerful generative AI technologies such as ChatGPT can perform specific job functions. Since the AI chatbot came out in November, workers across industries have used it on the job to save time and boost productivity.

Coders, in particular, may find generative-AI tools beneficial to their personal and professional lives. Daniel Dippold, a coder in Berlin, used ChatGPT to develop a program that helped him find an apartment, and Amazon employees were found to use ChatGPT for software development.

The study wasn’t perfect, however, the researchers identified limitations, such as errors and biases in the language models, that could cause issues in the creation of software. Still, the researchers said the findings “may potentially help junior programmers or engineers in the real world” down the line.

About author

Matthew Griffin

Matthew Griffin, described as “The Adviser behind the Advisers” and a “Young Kurzweil,” is the founder and CEO of the World Futures Forum and the 311 Institute, a global Futures and Deep Futures consultancy working between the dates of 2020 to 2070, and is an award winning futurist, and author of “Codex of the Future” series. Regularly featured in the global media, including AP, BBC, Bloomberg, CNBC, Discovery, RT, Viacom, and WIRED, Matthew’s ability to identify, track, and explain the impacts of hundreds of revolutionary emerging technologies on global culture, industry and society, is unparalleled. Recognised for the past six years as one of the world’s foremost futurists, innovation and strategy experts Matthew is an international speaker who helps governments, investors, multi-nationals and regulators around the world envision, build and lead an inclusive, sustainable future. A rare talent Matthew’s recent work includes mentoring Lunar XPrize teams, re-envisioning global education and training with the G20, and helping the world’s largest organisations envision and ideate the future of their products and services, industries, and countries. Matthew's clients include three Prime Ministers and several governments, including the G7, Accenture, Aon, Bain & Co, BCG, Credit Suisse, Dell EMC, Dentons, Deloitte, E&Y, GEMS, Huawei, JPMorgan Chase, KPMG, Lego, McKinsey, PWC, Qualcomm, SAP, Samsung, Sopra Steria, T-Mobile, and many more.

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