Smart materials will make a huge difference to the product we make, how we use them, and how they interact with us and the environment.


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Following o the back of other material innovations where researchers have created digital materials, living materialssmart materials with embedded neural networks, and even telepathic and telekentic materials that respond to people’s brain waves, researchers at the US Air Force and Penn State University, Pennsylvania, have harnessed mechanical information processing and integrated it into an engineered material that can “think” for itself.


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Scientists built on research dating back to 1938, and harnessed mechanical information processing, and integrated it into an advanced form of material.

“We have created the first example of an engineering material that can simultaneously sense, think, and act upon mechanical stress, without requiring additional circuits to process such signals,” said Ryan Harne, an associate professor of mechanical engineering at Pennsylvania State University.


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“The soft polymer material acts like a brain that can receive digital strings of information that are then processed, resulting in new sequences of digital information that can control reactions.”

The research team found that “nearly any material” available to humankind can be used to create integrated circuits capable of carrying out computing operations.


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The technology, which can be compared to a human brain, is based on integrated circuits, which typically rely on silicon semiconductors to process information.

Reconfigurable circuits are used in the material’s operation so that external stimuli can be captured and converted into electrical information, which can then be processed to produce output signals.

However, it may also be used to detect radio frequencies to send light signals for applications like autonomous search-and-rescue systems. The scientists showed the material’s capabilities by having it perform sophisticated arithmetic.

It might even be included in bio-hybrid materials that can locate, separate, and eliminate airborne infections – just as we’ve seen with some interesting new bio-optical sensing systems that detect things like COVID-19 in the air then glow.


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Now, the researchers want to improve the substance so that it can interpret visual data similarly to how it “feels” physical signals.

“We are currently translating this to a means of ‘seeing’ to augment the sense of ‘touching’ we have presently created,” said Harne. “Our goal is to develop a material that demonstrates autonomous navigation through an environment by seeing signs, following them and manoeuvring out of the way of adverse mechanical forces, such as something stepping on it.”

The US Air Force-funded research first appeared in Nature, a weekly international journal publishing peer-reviewed research.

About author

Matthew Griffin

Matthew Griffin, described as “The Adviser behind the Advisers” and a “Young Kurzweil,” is the founder and CEO of the World Futures Forum and the 311 Institute, a global Futures and Deep Futures consultancy working between the dates of 2020 to 2070, and is an award winning futurist, and author of “Codex of the Future” series. Regularly featured in the global media, including AP, BBC, Bloomberg, CNBC, Discovery, RT, Viacom, and WIRED, Matthew’s ability to identify, track, and explain the impacts of hundreds of revolutionary emerging technologies on global culture, industry and society, is unparalleled. Recognised for the past six years as one of the world’s foremost futurists, innovation and strategy experts Matthew is an international speaker who helps governments, investors, multi-nationals and regulators around the world envision, build and lead an inclusive, sustainable future. A rare talent Matthew’s recent work includes mentoring Lunar XPrize teams, re-envisioning global education and training with the G20, and helping the world’s largest organisations envision and ideate the future of their products and services, industries, and countries. Matthew's clients include three Prime Ministers and several governments, including the G7, Accenture, Aon, Bain & Co, BCG, Credit Suisse, Dell EMC, Dentons, Deloitte, E&Y, GEMS, Huawei, JPMorgan Chase, KPMG, Lego, McKinsey, PWC, Qualcomm, SAP, Samsung, Sopra Steria, T-Mobile, and many more.

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