Researchers have created a 3D plasma hologram you can touch Researchers have created a 3D plasma hologram you can touch
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WHY THIS MATTERS IN BRIEF Everyone loves holograms, or they think they do, because until now most holograms have relied more on parlour tricks... Researchers have created a 3D plasma hologram you can touch

WHY THIS MATTERS IN BRIEF

  • Everyone loves holograms, or they think they do, because until now most holograms have relied more on parlour tricks than actual science and technology to work, but that might be about to change


 

Every science fiction film ever created, and probably even the ones that were created before TV even existed, has included some form of hologram – such is their fame. But decades on, while we’re getting closer to being able to play with holograms in our living rooms, the reality is they’re still probably decades away. Sure there are holographic tables and smartphones but you could argue that they’re simply good magicians tricks, and imperfect.

 

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Now though researchers at the Digital Nature Group (DNG) in Japan have found a way to use lasers, mirrors and cameras to create 3D interactive holograms comprised of tiny points of light called “Voxels.”

 

The Teams Interactive Hologram

 

Using femtosecond lasers, a femtosecond is a quadrillionth of a second, the teams lasers transmit bursts that last 30 to 270 femtoseconds, the team were able to make holograms that were safe to touch, and the images are 3D with resolutions up to 200,000 dots per second. The voxels are light emitted by plasma that’s created when the laser’s focused energy ionizes the air.

 

 

When touched, the laser feels like sandpaper, says principal investigator Yoichi Ochiai, although some participants thought the plasma felt a little like a static shock, so it’s evident there’s some work to be done there – after all we don’t all want our new holographic interfaces to shock us all the time.

 

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This isn’t the first attempt at using femtosecond lasers to form air plasma, says Chunlei Guo, professor of optics and physics at the University of Rochester, but he believes his study could help in designing future femtosecond laser displays. Although previous studies have used nanosecond and femtosecond lasers to create images, the DNG researchers say preceding studies haven’t achieved resolution this high, and the results burnt human skin, and we definitely don’t want that.

Since the lasers fire at such a high speeds, they’re able to react in real time, and researchers have demonstrated its ability to make usable holographic checkboxes and hearts that break when touched.

To create their hologram, researchers fired their femtosecond laser through a spatial light modulator, which continues the beam through a series of lenses, a mirror and a Galvano scanner, which positions a mirror to precisely direct the laser beams. A camera underneath the hologram captures user interaction, allowing the dots to respond to being “touched.”

 

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Ochiai says the most surprising thing he realised was that plasma was actually safe to touch in this application, making the hologram exponentially safer than previously thought.

The key to making these holograms safe though is the shorter duration of the laser’s bursts. In tests, if the lasers fired in more than two second bursts, they burnt the leather researchers used to simulate skin, but, if they transmitted at 50 milliseconds to 1 second bursts instead, the leather was unscathed.

Ochiai says this is machine is just a proof of concept, and now his team will work to make the holograms larger – at the moment they’re limited by the size of the spatial light modulator, which they maxed out with this experiment, but meanwhile the femtolaser could transmit up to 7W, and the teams 1 cubic centimeter experiment only used 1W of the laser’s power.

Matthew Griffin Global Futurist 未来学家, Tech Evangelist, XPrize Mentor ● Int'l Keynote Speaker ● Disruption, Futures and Innovation expert

Matthew Griffin, Futurist and Founder of the 311 Institute is described as “The Adviser behind the Advisers.” Among other things Matthew keeps busy helping the world’s largest smartphone manufacturers ideate the next five generations of smartphones, and what comes beyond, the world’s largest chip makers envision the next twenty years of intelligent machines, and is helping Europe’s largest energy companies re-invent energy generation, transmission and retail. Recognised in 2013, 2015 and 2016 as one of Europe’s foremost futurists, innovation and strategy experts Matthew is an award winning author, entrepreneur and international speaker who has been featured on the BBC, Discovery and other outlets. Working hand in hand with accelerators, investors, governments, multi-nationals and regulators around the world Matthew helps them envision the future and helps them transform their industries, products and go to market strategies, and shows them how the combination of new, democratised, powerful emerging technologies are helping accelerate cultural, industrial and societal change. Matthew’s clients include Accenture, Bain & Co, Bank of America, Blackrock, Booz Allen Hamilton, Boston Consulting Group, Dell EMC, Dentons, Deutsche Bank, Deloitte, Deutsche Bank, Du Pont, E&Y, Fidelity, Goldman Sachs, HPE, Huawei, JP Morgan Chase, KPMG, Lloyds Banking Group, McKinsey & Co, PWC, Qualcomm, Rolls Royce, SAP, Samsung, Schroeder’s, Sequoia Capital, Sopra Steria, UBS, the UK’s HM Treasury, the USAF and many others.

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